Your soundproofing project stays incomplete until you have focused on the ceiling part.
If you have noisy people living in the apartment above, sound can easily penetrate your home, making it tough to have a peaceful day.
Fortunately, you can choose to avoid this nightmare with the soundproofing techniques emerging in the market.
The ceiling soundproofing project is pocket-friendly and effective.
If you are building a new home, it is the perfect time to add soundproofing.
But, if you have an existing ceiling, you may not wish to tear up the entire structure and restart to make it soundproof.
Here is what you need to know before beginning your ceiling soundproofing endeavor.
Types of Ceiling Noise
Before you soundproof your current ceiling, you should understand the noise you want to eliminate.
There are two primary kinds of noises in a building:
When you hear someone dropping a bowl or stamping feet, the noise produced is called the impact noise.
This type of noise directly strikes the floor and transmits a vibration across its structure.
As the name says, airborne noise moves across the air. The noise sources generate sound waves that flow in the air until they strike upon a solid subject.
The hard surfaces cannot absorb the noise, which compels the sound to travel into other rooms.
Elements to Block the Sound
You must understand all the primary forces that contact one another when undertaking a soundproofing project.
One should acknowledge the primary methods to block sounds when learning this domain. These include:
Decoupling involves separating an object from the other.
We have already mentioned that sound involves the vibration of waves across any structure.
The decoupling strategy of sound blockage separates the ceiling frame and blocks the sound pathways. Thus, it reduces the noise.
Sound absorption causes a reduction in the noise that bounces across the room.
You have to fill space between joists to enhance its insulation capabilities.
This material absorbs the sound waves to a certain extent. The materials you can use for insulation include cellulose, fiberglass, cotton, etc.
Mass is another helpful strategy to deal with a noisy atmosphere.
The fundamental principle involves creating a heavy ceiling, making it difficult for noises to penetrate.
This method doesn’t bring possible results when used to block impact sounds. Mass-loaded vinyl (MLV) and drywall are materials with massive weight.
Dampening compounds possess a distinct ability to change sound into heat energy and block it right away.
Practically, the four primary elements bring optimal results when used consecutively.
Also, you can opt for one-by-one installation considering the cost and time consumption.
Can you Soundproof a Home Ceiling?
If you already have a ceiling and wish to keep it in the same condition, you may find some exciting alternatives.
Following are the few ways you can soundproof your current ceiling structure without tearing its drywall:
Install a drop ceiling
Acoustical drop ceilings can provide soundproofing in two ways:
- It absorbs the sound waves and prevents sound from bouncing around a room
- It blocks the sound from traveling into the other room
Some drop ceilings have either of these features or both. When analyzing the acoustic ceiling, you should look at two ratings, which are:
- Ceiling Attenuation Class (CAC)
- Noise Reduction Coefficient (NRC)
NRC informs you about how much sound a ceiling panel can absorb.
Meanwhile, CAC rates the ceiling efficiency to block sounds from passing into adjacent rooms.
If your room needs extra sound blockage, you should consider investing in a high-performing ceiling panel that can absorb around 70% of sound that falls upon its surface.
Hang curtains from the ceilings
Curtains are a fantastic way to block sound from the ceiling structure.
Although they aren’t enough alone, they are beneficial to reduce the surplus echo in a room.
A genuinely effective soundproof curtain should be tightly woven, heavy, and stretch from the ceiling to the floor.
The surface of these curtains has a porous surface enabling them to absorb sound waves. This makes the room quieter than before.
Another reason why you should hang curtains from the top of the room is to complement the drop ceiling or the current structure.
Generally, the ceilings are rigid and flat. So, anything that you can do to produce a soft and irregular surface will stop the noise from escaping outside.
Soundproof the floor above
If possible, you should consider soundproofing the floor above you to increase the sound blocking potential of your ceiling.
It could be an easy technique like placing carpets or area rugs in the room above.
Or, it could be more labor-intensive tasks, such as floor underlayment to block the sounds from entering the floors.
A few methods you can work on are:
- Place a rug underlay under the carpet
- Use rubber mats
- Get interlocking floor mats
- Opt for the cork tiles
- Construct a new flooring layer over the existing one
- Place MLV under floorboards
A few simple changes in the floor above can save you the hassle of tearing the entire ceiling structure below.
If you live in apartments, discuss with the residents above you how this project will bring convenience to all.
Floating ceiling joists
This is a proven and functional technique to reduce the impact of noise.
It works best for the drywall because the roof must be filled with ductwork. The process involves installing a new joist in the middle of the existing joists’ pair.
You have to stretch the new joist 2 inches under the original beams.
Then, you should install the insulation material between the set of joists. Bear in mind; you should not compress insulation material because it will negatively impact the recently installed beams.
Mass loaded vinyl
Mass-loaded vinyl (MLV) comprises extensive sound-blocking properties.
It works as a dampening technique and an alternative to Green Glue. The sheets are made of barium sulfate and vinyl.
The material is toxin-free and quite dense. This makes it effective for blocking the sounds. More specifically, it works to block airborne sounds.
MLV sheets add more padding to the ceilings. This makes it usable for different purposes and highly effective.
On the other hand, the Green Glue is cheaper than MLV and similarly effective.
Ceiling sound baffles
The most common answer to “can you soundproof a home ceiling?” is yes.
One of the leading solutions offered by most is the installation of ceiling baffles. These are pocket-friendly ceiling suspensions that stretch vertically to enhance sound clarity.
When the surface area of the baffles increases, its ability to reduce reverberation also increases.
Reverberation usually imparts the impression that there is obnoxious noise in the background. The overall volume inside a room creates this.
If your home is a noisy place, you may face frequent headaches or listening difficulties at the end of the day.
Adding the ceiling sound baffles will make a notable difference in your rooms.
Install acoustic tiles
The installation of acoustic tiles is another remedy for a loud ceiling structure.
These tiles are constructed with fiberglass, and the high-end tiles have a layer of sound-interrupting foil or MLV.
The placement of these tiles is along the metal grid.
If you have a drywall ceiling, you can use customized clips to screw into the drywall and anchor on the acoustic tiles placed there.
You could also opt for acoustic panels for a more straightforward installation on the drywall ceiling. Secure them by applying adhesive at the back of each panel and fixing them on the roof.
Once placed, use screws or nails to keep the panels in their position.
How do I soundproof my apartment ceiling?
Adding mass in the form of drywall is one of the proven ways to complete your soundproofing project.
A single layer of drywall helps. However, opt for a double layer in conjunction with the dampening compound.
Green Glue is a pretty good option.
How can I block impact noise from above?
There are several methods to block the sound from entering the above floors. These include making a drop ceiling, using resilient underlayment or carpets in the above rooms.
The methods that you use to soundproof the above room depend upon the noise level in your room and your financial limits.
Is the soundproofing ceiling worth the expense?
Tearing down the existing ceiling takes more time and money than working on the existing structure.
A soundproof ceiling is worth it, as it brings more peace to your home and lets you breathe in a serene environment.
Before you decide to invest in any soundproofing projects, you should pay attention to some of the variables.
For example, your home’s structure, your budget, and whether your house can afford a revamp.
By considering these factors, you can decide to move forward with either of the soundproofing methods mentioned above.